How to Root a Confederate Rose


The confederate rose is a member of the mallow family and a longtime favorite variety of hibiscus. The handsome Hibiscus mutabilis is also referred to as cotton rose or Texas star hibiscus. Eye-catching bloom displays begin in late summer and continue well into the fall as long as early frost doesn't hit. Propagating confederate rose is so simple that even the greenest novice will beam with pride when setting out the new plant. Cuttings taken in early spring are the most likely to succeed, although this method of propagation may work well for you anytime during the growing season.

Step 1

Select an attractive, mature confederate rose that you like to take your cuttings from in early spring when new growth has begun. Choose carefully because your cutting is a clone and will grow into an exact replica of the parent plant.

Step 2

Use a clean, sharp knife to cut 12 to 15 inches from the tip of an actively growing stem of the hibiscus. Strip all of the foliage and buds from the cutting except for the top set of 2 leaves.

Step 3

Fill a quart jar with water. Stand the cutting up in the jar and set it on a warm, sunny windowsill.

Step 4

Refill the jar to the original level as water evaporates.

Step 5

Plant the cutting in a 6-inch pot with a quality all-purpose potting soil when roots are about 2 inches long. Water well enough to keep the soil surface evenly moist. Keep it on the sunny windowsill.

Step 6

Plant the confederate rose outdoors in a lightly shaded spot in April after all danger of frost has passed for your area.

Things You'll Need

  • Clean, sharp knife
  • Quart jar
  • 6-inch pot
  • All-purpose potting soil


  • North Carolina State University: Confederate Roses
  • Walter Reeves: Gardening in Georgia--Shrubs
  • Texas A&M University: Hardy Hibiscus, Including Confederate Rose (Hibiscus mutabilis)
  • FloriData: Hibiscus mutabilis
Keywords: confederate rose, cotton rose, root confederate rose, propagate confederate rose

About this Author

Axl J. Amistaadt began as a part-time amateur freelance writer in 1985, turned professional in 2005, and became a full-time writer in 2007. Amistaadt’s major focus is publishing material for GardenGuides. Areas of expertise include home gardening, horticulture, alternative and home remedies, pets, wildlife, handcrafts, cooking, and juvenile science experiments.