Fruit trees in Utah make up a sizable portion of the state's agriculture; in Box Elder county alone, the mountain region's soil supports a variety of fruit trees including 40 different peach tree varieties, according to the Utah State University Cooperative Extension. Utah is also the only state to rank in the top 5 for the largest production of both sweet and tart cherries, as explained by Utah.gov.
Peach trees are widely grown fruit trees in Utah. Peach trees display white/pink/red flowers and thrive in full sunlight and moist, well-drained soil. This deciduous fruit tree grows to a height of 15 to 25 feet, according to the NC State University Cooperative Extension Service. The following peach tree varieties are a few of those suggested by the Utah State University Cooperative Extension with USDA Hardiness Zones of 5: red haven (produces medium fruit with golden/blushed skin and firm, sweet flesh); red globe (produces very large fruit with an intense blush over golden skin and an "excellent sweet" flavor); and early elberta (produces large golden/yellow fruit with minimal to no blush and a rich sweetness).
Adopted as the state fruit of Utah in 1997, both sweet and sour cherries make up a significant portion of Utah's agriculture. Deciduous cherry trees thrive in full sun, prefer well-drained, sandy loam soil and can grow up to a height of 50 feet but are generally maintained near 15 feet. Both sweet and sour cherry trees prefer cool climates and display white flowers, but sweet trees thrive in dry climates, whereas sour trees prefer humidity, according to the University of Georgia. The Utah State University Cooperative Extension suggests the following varieties (among others) with USDA Hardiness Zones of 5: chelan (produces large, juicy red fruit); royal ann (produces large, golden/red, crisp fruit with a sweet/tart flavor); and van (produces medium fruit with near-black skin and a semisweet taste).
Apple trees are a main staple of Utah's fruit tree population. Deciduous apple trees display flowers in white/pink, thrive in full sun and well-drained soil and grow to height of up to 30 feet tall, according to the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension. Some of the varieties widely grown in Utah, as suggested by the Utah State University Cooperative Extension, include the following: Jonathon (produces medium to large red fruit with a tart flavor; grow in USDA Hardiness Zone 4); McIntosh (produces large, dark red fruit with a tart flavor; grow in USDA Hardiness Zone 4); and golden delicious (produces medium to large clear yellow fruit with a mild sweetness; grow in USDA Hardiness Zone 5).