Planting a hanging flower basket is the perfect solution for gardeners without garden space, and the hanging baskets will add color to a patio or balcony all summer long. Even gardeners with plenty of growing space can enjoy expanding vertically with the addition of a hanging basket. With the variety of blooming plants available in a nearly endless range of colors, sizes and textures, planting a hanging basket will allow plenty of opportunity for creative expression.
Visit a garden center or nursery and purchase flowering plants for the hanging basket. Read the tags carefully, and choose plants that have similar needs regarding water and sunlight.
Select a container. Although nearly any type of container will work, it's crucial that the container has at least one drainage hole in the bottom. Choose a container large enough to accommodate your plants and your available space.
Line the container with 2 inches of sphagnum moss. Pack the moss tightly into the container, leaving no large spaces where water and soil can leak.
Fill the container to about 1 inch from the top with an all-purpose commercial potting mixture or a combination of one part perlite, one part sand and two parts peat moss. Add a balanced granular fertilizer to the potting mixture, applied according to the directions on the label.
Use a trowel to dig a hole for each plant and place the plant in the hole so that the plant is tilted slightly towards the outer edge of the container. Tamp down the soil lightly but firmly around the plant.
Attach a chain and hang the flower basket. Use a sturdy hook and hang the basket from a solid beam or support structure.
Water the plants thoroughly until the water drains through the drainage hole in the bottom of the pot. If the potting mixture settles, add enough to bring the level up to about 1 inch from the top of the basket.
Check the hanging flower basket daily and water if the top 1/4 inch of soil feels dry. Hanging flower baskets dry out quickly and may need to be watered twice daily during hot, dry weather.
Deadhead, or pinch off spent blooms to encourage the plants to continue blooming as long as possible. If the plants become long and leggy or out of balance with other plants, trim them back a few inches.
Feed the hanging basket every other week with a water-soluble fertilizer for blooming plants. Read the package directions for specific instructions.