Bees are the most effective pollinators in the world. They pollinate a wide variety of fruits, vegetables and flowers, which gives them an important role in agriculture. When bees pollinate fruits and vegetables, they increase the production of the plant. Many times farmers will keep bees in their orchard to ensure healthy plants. For a healthy flower garden you can plant species that will attract bees to aide in pollination.
California poppy flowers reseed on their own, which makes them excellent in a flower garden. These flowers attract bees best when they are planted in large patches. California poppies have four petals and have a bright orange and yellow color when they are in full bloom. The petals of the poppy will close at night and reopen in the early morning. They attract a wide variety of bees.
There are many different varieties of lavender that are excellent attractors of bees. These flowers typically grow to 18 inches and are a shade of light purple or blue. Lavender is a member of the mint family and is a very fragrant flower. There are multiple flowers on each stem and they are often grown and dried and used in flower arrangements. Bees are attracted to their fragrance and often cross-pollinate the flowers.
Sunflowers are excellent bee-attracting flowers. They can grow to heights of 5 to 8 feet tall. They have a brilliant yellow color, which also makes them a beautiful addition to your garden. Some varieties of sunflowers are pollenless, like the Moulin Rouge sunflower. These sunflowers will not attract bees; plant Lemon Queen varieties for best results in attracting bees.
Horehound flowers attract the smaller varieties of bees. The flowers grow up to 30 inches in height and are popular in California. Horehound flowers are white and bloom for long periods of time, as long as they are frequently watered. These flowers are closely related to the mint family, and they are very fragrant.
Rosemary flowers are purple in color and very fragrant. They are drought tolerant and reach heights of over 2 feet. These flowers are very popular in herb gardens and are a large attractor of many species of bees. Rosemary is a very hardy plant, which makes it an excellent addition to any flower garden. You can easily propagate rosemary by cutting 6 inches of the plant and placing it in water. When growing rosemary you will need to thin out the plants in fall so the garden does not become too dense.