Bermuda grass is a hardy warm season grass that is tolerant to drought and resistant to damage in areas of high foot traffic. Because Bermuda grass is fast-growing, it tends to defend itself against weeds when it is cared for properly. Applying turf fertilizer to Bermuda grass in the proper amounts at the right time can ensure a lawn that is healthy enough to resist weeds and damage from traffic or drought.
Bermuda grass is a fast-growing type of turf that is preferred in sunny places with periods of drought. Though Bermuda grass can survive on its own in most types of with minimal application of fertilizer, along with good maintenance practices and watering habits, fertilizing Bermuda grass can help keep the turf lush healthy, preventing the invasion of weeds or lawn disease.
Types of fertilizer used in Bermuda grass include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
Fertilizer should be applied to Bermuda grass lawns every four to six weeks once the grass turns green in the early spring and continuing until mid-September. One half pound to one pound of fertilizer for every thousand square feet of lawn is ideal for Bermuda grass fertilization. Bermuda grass does not need to be fertilized in the winter.
Too much nitrogen in a fertilizer mixture can render Bermuda grass vulnerable to fungal diseases like brown patch grass disease and gray leaf spot disease. Other conditions which can contribute to fungal diseases in Bermuda grass include overwatering, evening temperatures in the mid-seventies and soil with poor drainage.
The ratio of the types of fertilizer used in a fertilizing mix for Bermuda grass vary; the best way to determine how much of each type of fertilizer to use for the soil is to send a soil sample to an agricultural testing facility, usually found at local colleges with horticultural programs.
Bermuda grass is a popular grass for golf courses, playgrounds and sports fields in Arkansas and Alabama. The ability of Bermuda grass to stand up to foot traffic depends on its rapid growing rate, which is spurred by proper maintenance and fertilization. Unfertilized Bermuda grass does not recover well from turf damage due to foot traffic or rough sports games played on the turf.