How to Grow Vegetables Inside Your House


If you are facing an increase in food costs without a corresponding increase in salary, you might be considering growing some vegetables at home to save money. However, if you live in an apartment or your yard is a microscopic patch of grass next to the driveway, your only alternative may be indoor gardening. Plants prefer natural light, but full-spectrum grow lights make an acceptable substitute, and reflective materials or white paint on walls can increase the available light from small windows.

Making a Plant Grow Shelf

Step 1

Assemble the shelf unit according to manufacturer's instructions. Adjust the shelves as needed to suit the height of plants you intend to grow.

Step 2

Attach the small "S" hooks and chains that came with the shop lights to the top of each light fixture and hang them from hooks beneath each shelf.

Step 3

Insert two full-spectrum, grow light bulbs in each fixture.

Step 4

Cut and lay a sheet of clear, heavy plastic on each shelf to prevent water damage to the light fixtures below.

Growing and Maintaining Healthy Plants

Step 1

Plant seeds according to directions in appropriately sized pots and set pots in trays on shelves. (Any size pot is fine, but all pots on the same shelf should be the same size.)

Step 2

Water plants by pouring directly into the trays. (Bottom watering helps prevent mold that can kill emerging seedlings)

Step 3

Adjust the lights so that they are no more than 6 inches above the tops of seedlings as soon as plants emerge from the soil. (Monitor and readjust lights as the plants grow, maintaining a careful distance to avoid overheating the plants or allowing them to become leggy from stretching to reach lights placed too far above them.)

Step 4

Place small fans where they can blow across the plants on the shelves. (Plants need air circulation to stimulate growth of sturdy stems and prevent molds and mildew from forming.)

Step 5

Turn off lights when plants receive a minimum of 10 (but no more than 14) hours of light each day. Like all living things, plants need rest too.

Things You'll Need

  • Vinyl-coated wire utility shelf unit (ideally 3 to 5 shelves, and 12 inches deep by 48 inches wide by 72 inches tall)
  • 3 to 5 double shop lights, 4 feet long, complete with small "S" hooks and hanging chains (one light per shelf)
  • 6 to 10 large stainless steel "S" hooks (2 per light fixture)
  • Clear plastic sheeting (heavy duty)
  • 6 to 10 fluorescent grow light bulbs (sized to match shop lights--2 per light fixture)
  • Seeds
  • Pots
  • Trays
  • Small fans


  • Planet Green: Grow Food Indoors

Who Can Help

  • Home Vegetables: Growing Vegetables in Containers
Keywords: growing vegetables inside, indoor vegetable gardening, vegetable garden indoors

About this Author

Deborah Stephenson is a freelance writer and artist, who brings over 25 years of both professional and life experience to her writings. Stephenson features a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. She is an anthropologist & naturalist, and has published a field guide on Michigan's flora & fauna as well as numerous political and environmental articles.