Evergreen Shrubs or Bushes

With their ability to retain their foliage all year long, including winter, evergreen shrubs and bushes are a garden staple for year-round color. Oftentimes, evergreen shrubs are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, creating a versatile shrub. Grown in dozens of varieties, each evergreen shrub has a distinct growing environment, shape, size and color that help create a showy garden landscape.

Wintergreen Barberry

Wintergreen barberry (Berberis julianae) is an evergreen shrub with a slow growth rate and medium-to-fine texture. The rounded, dense form is ideal planted as a hedge screen among the garden. Growing 4 to 6 feet tall, wintergreen barberry shrubs have dark green leaves that range from 2 to 3 inches long. The lustrous leaves cast a wine color every fall for a vibrant garden display. Wintergreen barberry trees have small flowers that emerge every spring to light up the bush. They require full sun to partial shade and tolerate a wide range of soil varieties. The USDA hardiness zone for planting is 6 to 8.

Leatherleaf Viburnum

Leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum) is an evergreen shrub with a moderate growth rate and course texture. Growing 10 to 15 feet tall and wide, leatherleaf viburnum shrubs have an upright growth habit that is ideal along a garden wall or backyard patio for screening. The shiny dark green leaves on leatherleaf viburnum grow 8 inches long with a deep vein running through the oval-shaped leaf. In spring, leatherleaf viburnum blooms with fragrant, white, cluster-like flowers. A bird attractant, leatherleaf viburnum requires full sun to partial shade and rich, moist soils that are overly acidic. The zone for planting is 6 to 9.

Green Mountain Boxwood

Green mountain boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Green Mountain') is an evergreen shrub with a slow growth rate and medium-to-fine texture. Growing 3 to 6 feet tall and 1 to 3 feet wide, green mountain boxwood has a clumping growth habit and pyramidal shade, ideal for a hedgerow or garden topiary. Deer and cold-tolerant, the dark green leaves on the green mountain boxwood shrubs are upright, oval-shaped and grow up to 1 inch long. Green mountain boxwood shrubs have small, yellow, spring-blooming flowers that last through the season and provide a sweet scent to the garden. Wind-tolerant, green mountain boxwood requires full sun to partial shade and well-drained, moist soil. The zone for planting is 6 to 8.

Keywords: evergreen bushes, wintergreen barberry, leatherleaf viburnum, green mountain boxwood

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer, designer and photographer in North Carolina. Barber's love for design and writing inspired her to create Design Your Revolution, a blog that shares creative and affordable ways to decorate your indoor and outdoor living environment. Her articles have appeared in Travels.com and GardenGuides.com and her photography has been featured in "Automotive News" magazine and Forbes.com.