Proper Lawn Care in Zone 4

Overview

Zone 4 encompasses a large part of the north central United States as well as a portion of northern New England. If you live in zone 4, you will be growing a cool season grass. Proper lawn care is essential in this zone since it is prone to long, harsh winters with extended periods of snow cover. Poorly maintained lawns will be prone to weed infestations and grass that fails to thrive.

Step 1

Rake your entire lawn with a steel rake once it dries out in the spring. After being covered in snow all winter, your grass will be matted down. A thorough raking will let sunlight and warmth reach the ground and will also remove dead grass plants. This will allow the healthy grass a chance to get a jump start.

Step 2

Fertilize in the spring after growth resumes with a 1/2 lb. of nitrogen per 1000 square feet. Use a broadcast spreader to evenly spread the fertilizer over the entire lawn. Walking parallel paths will ensure total coverage.

Step 3

Apply corn gluten meal at a rate of 20 lbs. per 1000 square feet as a pre-emergence herbicide for crabgrass and dandelions. Apply when forsythia are in bloom, as this plant blooms almost exactly when crabgrass or dandelions will begin germinating.

Step 4

Mow your grass with your lawn mower on its highest possible setting all summer. Long grass blades have more area to photosynthesize and they will also shade out weeds. Mow every five to seven days throughout the entire growing season so that you don't remove more than one-third of the grass blade in each mowing.

Step 5

Water your grass so that it receives 1 inch of water per week. This water should be delivered over one to two waterings per week. Set a pan out in the lawn and use this as a guide to see how long it takes your sprinklers to deliver 1 inch of water.

Tips and Warnings

  • Corn gluten meal can become toxic to plant roots at a rate of 80 lbs. per 1000 square feet. Make sure you don't apply it too heavily or it can be detrimental to your lawn's health.

Things You'll Need

  • Steel rake
  • Lawn fertilizer
  • Broadcast spreader
  • Corn gluten meal
  • Lawn mower
  • Lawn sprinklers
  • Pan

References

  • Doug Green's Beginner Gardening: Spring Lawn Care
  • University of Illinois Extension: Spring Lawn Care Guide
  • Iowa State University Department of Horticulture: Corn Gluten Meal Research Page
Keywords: proper lawn care, zone 4, corn gluten meal, steel rake, lawn mower, long grass blades

About this Author

Robin Gonyo has been writing for several years now. She has a deep love for gardening and has spent a vast amount of time researching that subject. Previously she has written for private clients before joining Demand Studios. She hopes to share her knowledge with others through her writing.