Jade plant, also known by its scientific name, Crassula ovata, is a perennial succulent valued for its attractive flowers, pleasing aroma, glossy foliage and ease of care indoors. The plant blooms during winter, producing clusters of white or pink star-shaped flowers. Jade plant typically reaches 4 feet in height in the wild, but only reaches about 2 feet when grown in captivity. Native to South Africa, jade plant requires consistently warm growing conditions and gardeners commonly grow the plant indoors in the temperate United States.
Keep jade plant in a location that receives bright, filtered light throughout the day, such as a south-facing window. Maintain a constant temperature of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
Water once per week during spring and summer to keep the soil moist at all times, but never soggy. Decrease the frequency of watering to once every 10 days during fall and once every two weeks during winter, when active growth has stopped and water requirements are lower.
Feed jade plant once every three to four months using a balanced liquid houseplant fertilizer. Water before applying to reduce the risk of root injury. Apply at the rate recommended by the manufacturer for the best results.
Re-pot the slow-growing plant during late winter once every four to five years, or whenever it has outgrown its container. Use a potting mix made of one part organic soil, one part peat moss and three parts coarse sand to provide adequate drainage. Increase the diameter of the container by no more than 3 inches each time.
Remove faded and spent jade plant flowers whenever possible to prolong blooming and encourage the formation of additional flowers. Pinch off the old flowers as close to the plant as you can and new blossoms will replace them shortly thereafter. Remove damaged leaves and limbs as necessary.