A healthy lawn enhances the appeal of your house and the surrounding landscape. Lawn care is not as hard as it seems. By following a timely schedule that includes watering, fertilizing, mowing and pest removal, your grass will be healthy, lush, green and the talk of the town. A well-maintained lawn creates a safe and healthy environment for you and your family to relax and play.
Water deeply but infrequently, preferably early in the morning. Although the ideal amount of water varies with grass species, soil type, temperature, mowing height, wind and other factors, an inch two to three times a week is adequate. Early-morning watering ensures that moisture reaches the roots without evaporating and reduces the chances of fungal diseases that spread in moist, wet conditions. Make sure you water grass under large trees for longer spells as the tree roots absorb it. Use a garden hose or an automatic sprinkler system for controlled watering.
Fertilize your lawn frequently to provide the necessary nutrients it needs to grow and develop. Type of grass (cool season or warm season), climate and selected fertilizer determine exactly how often you should feed your lawn. Generally fertilize it no less than two times a year and no more than four to five times. Each grass type has a different growing season, which is why the correct time to fertilize it varies. Ideally add fertilizer when it is actively growing.
Some gardeners simply add compost or organic fertilizers such as manure or activated sewage to their soil to provide all the nutrients at a slow release rate. However, follow manufacturer's directions for application rates if using inorganic fertilizers. These fertilizers contain nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) in different ratios and usually require watering afterwards so the elements penetrate the soil.
Always mow your lawn grass down to a height of 2 ½ to 3 inches. Mowing any shorter makes it susceptible to disease and provides competing weeds a chance to grow alongside. Never mow more than one-third of grass-blade height in one session and mow in different directions so the grass grows back straight as opposed to slanting to any one side. Sharpen your lawn mower blades once a year so they cut the grass properly and do not affect grass health adversely. Remove the grass collection bag from the mower and allow grass clippings to fall freely so they release nitrogen in the soil when they decompose.
Pests and Fungal Diseases
Catch pests that destroy your turf such as lawn moles with strategically placed mole traps. Remove invasive weeds by hand, pulling them out of the ground along with their roots. Spray or pour glyphosate herbicide over large infestations to kill them. Refrain from watering your grass in the evening or at night to prevent fungal diseases from spreading and use an appropriate fungicide to tackle them if they occur.