Native to Africa and tropical regions in Asia, the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii), also called the dwarf or miniature date palm, is the smallest species of date palm. The pygmy date palm reaches only 6 to 12 feet in height and 6 to 10 feet in width, with leaves that are 8 to 12 inches long. Grown outdoors only in tropical regions, where winter temperatures stay above freezing, the pygmy date palm has become a popular indoor palm tree due to its smaller size. The pygmy date palm is also a great houseplant because it removes formaldehyde and xylene from the air.
Position your pygmy date palm in bright but indirect sunlight. If you're growing the palm indoors, keep air temperatures between 60 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water your pygmy date palm two to three times per week to keep the soil evenly moistened at all times. Don't water-log the soil or allow it to dry out. Water the palm with warm water.
Apply a water-soluble palm plant fertilizer once each week throughout the spring and summer. Follow the dosage instructions on the label.
Mist your pygmy date palm with lime-free warm water once every two or three days to keep the air humid around the plant. Put pebbles or gravel and water in the drainage dish beneath the pot to increase humidity, but make sure the pot isn't sitting directly in the water.