How Do I Prepare a Seed to Plant?


Although some plants are grown only through strict grafting or cultivation procedures, it is possible to start a wide variety of flowers, fruits and vegetables from seed. Seed can be obtained from the wild, bought from garden centers or collected from plants you've grown in the previous season. Growing from seed requires you to germinate the seed in a soil mixture, then transplanting a partially grown plant into the garden once it is healthy.

Step 1

Wash your container with soapy water to remove debris. Allow to dry.

Step 2

Moisten the soil mixture if it is dry. Fill the container 3/4 full with your soil mixture. Press gently on the soil to compact it slightly.

Step 3

Plant seed 1 to 2 inches apart in rows. Cover the seeds with vermiculite.

Step 4

Place the containers in a warm location to encourage germination. Temperatures of 65 to 75 degrees are best for most seeds. Cover the container with clear or opaque plastic to encourage the collection of moisture.

Step 5

Once seeds begin to sprout from the soil, remove the plastic and move the plant to sunlight.

Things You'll Need

  • Seed
  • Soil
  • Water
  • Container


  • Ohio State University Extension: Plant Propagation
  • University of Illinois Extension: Watch Your Garden Grow
  • University of Missouri Extension: Starting Plants From Seeds
Keywords: plant seeds, seed propagation, growing plants, propagate seed, start seed, prepare seed

About this Author

Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.