Perennial flowers can be short lived, or may continue for several years; the leaves and flowers of perennials grow and bloom during the spring or summer season for varying lengths of time, and die out to ground-level during fall. The perennial flower's root system remains living during the winter season. Since these flowers can go for years without requiring replanting, it's helpful to have a list of perennials handy when creating your garden to select colorful flower options that you will enjoy for multiple growing seasons.
Violets (Viola spp.) display flowers in violet, white and blue. These perennials thrive in full sunlight to full shade, prefer moist, well-drained soil and grow to a height of 4 to 8 inches. Violets are available in a wide array of cultivars. Grow this perennial flower in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 9, and expect them to bloom in the spring.
Rigid verbena (Verbena rigida) is a perennial flower that displays violet-hued blooms and green foliage during summer and into the fall season. This drought-tolerant perennial flower grows to a height of 1 to 2 feet and thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. Rigid verbena attracts butterflies and grows best in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 10.
Bleeding hearts (Dicentra spectabilis) are perennial flowers that display hanging, heart-shaped blooms in rose, pink and white hues with green foliage. Bleeding hearts thrive in partial shade, prefer moist, well-drained soil and grow to a height of 14 to 24 inches. Bloom time is during the spring season; if grown in warmer climates, bleeding heart perennial flowers may become dormant during the summer season. Grow this perennial flower in USDA hardiness zones 2 through 9.
Meadowsweet (Filipendula palmata) displays pink blooms and green foliage during late spring to early summer. Thriving in partial shade, meadowsweet prefers moist, alkaline soil, and is susceptible to leaf scorch if soil is not kept moist during the summer season. Meadowsweet reaches a height of 3 to 4 feet and grows best in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 8.