Hardwood grapevine cuttings root quickly, making them an ideal choice for grapevine propagation. Take hardwood cuttings from a healthy, mature grapevine when the plant is dormant. An ideal time to take a cutting is after pruning the vineyard. No more than two cuttings should be taken from a cane, and don't use a cane tip. According to the College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the New Mexico State University, it's not necessary to treat the cutting with a rooting hormone.
Wipe the blades of the gardening shears with rubbing alcohol to sanitize and prevent the spread of plant disease. Do this between each cut.
Cut a piece of cane that is five or six buds long. Make a slanting cut at the top of the cutting and a straight cut at the bottom (the end closest to the soil) of the cutting.
Wrap the cuttings in moist peat moss and wrap in plastic. Store the package in the refrigerator until spring.
Select a sunny location to plant the cuttings, with well-draining soil enriched with compost or well-rotted manure.
Soak the cuttings in water for several hours prior to planting.
Plant the cuttings, flat side down, leaving 2 to 3 inches of the cutting above the soil line. Space the cuttings 6-inches apart in rows. Space the rows between 2 to 4 feet apart.