The deciduous peach tree is a low-growing tree with simple, dark-green foliage and showy, colorful spring flowers. This tree is a moderately drought tolerant one that reaches up to 25 feet in height. The tree blooms in April and matures its fruit in late summer to fall. Native to Asia, the peach tree requires a period of winter dormancy to prepare for its following year's fruit production.
Plant the peach tree in a sunny, well-drained location that receives at least eight to 10 hours of daily sunlight. Ensure that soils are acid and nutrient-rich. Take a soil test, if necessary, using soil samples that are 6 to 8 feet below surface level. Make any soil adjustments at least one year before planting.
Soak the peach tree for at least 12 hours prior to planting. Prepare the soil bed by spading the planting area to loosen any compacted soil. Dig a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the root system and equivalent to the system's depth.
Plant the peach tree in the center of the hole so that the graft union line rests approximately 1 inch above the planting surface. Irrigate the newly planted tree thoroughly.
Prune the peach tree immediately after planting. Cut the tree back so that it stands no higher than 26 to 30 inches in height to promote a strong framework. Trim away any dead, dying or broken branches or stems.
Maintain consistent irrigation levels for the peach. Provide the peach tree with 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water each week. Adjust the irrigation levels for periods of rain and drought. Use a slow irrigation process for best results.
Feed the peach tree with a well-balanced, slow release fertilizer beginning 10 days after planting. Use a fertilizer combination such as a 10-10-10 and distribute the feed evenly around the tree. Keep the fertilizer about one foot from the base of the peach tree to prevent root burn. After the first year, feed the peach tree in the early spring just before bud break, and again in the early summer just before the onset of fruit production.