How Do I Know My If My Tomato Plants Have Blight?

Overview

Early and late blight are two devastating tomato diseases that attack the leaves and fruit of a tomato plant. Early blight will commonly cause small yields of growth and foliage damage to the plant, while late blight will also destroy fully grown plants. Early blight is caused by the fungus Alternaria solani, while late blight is caused by Phytophthora infestans. Both diseases require destruction of the infected plant and rotation of the crop to prevent further infection.

Step 1

Examine the leaves of the plant for spots of yellowing, withering or for leaves that are dropping from the plant for early and late blight. Look for the existence of insects on the plant before considering late blight, as some insect infections can cause similar symptoms.

Step 2

Look for spots on the leaves that appear to be water-soaked, beginning at the leaf tips. This indicates the presence of late blight.

Step 3

Inspect green tomatoes for the appearance of brown, leathery lesions on the skin of the fruit, or wet rot, indicating late blight.

Step 4

Look for tomatoes that have turned black, or have black concentric circles running around the stem connecting the fruit to the plant. This indicates early blight.

Step 5

Sniff around the plant to see if you recognize any foul smells, indicating rotting fruit. This is a symptom of both diseases.

Things You'll Need

  • Work gloves
  • Pruning shears

References

  • Ohio State University: Late Blight of Potato and Tomato
  • Colorado State University: Recognizing Tomato Problems
  • Iowa State University: Tomato Diseases and Disorders
Keywords: tomato blight, tomato disease, tomato wilting

About this Author

Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on eHow.com, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.