Hummingbirds provide entertainment and a point of interest in your yard. To attract hummingbirds, provide a plentiful food source for them, as they feed every 10 to 15 minutes. Nectar coming from certain types of flowers serves as the main dietary component of hummingbirds. They also need water, insects and a tree to nest in to create a home in your yard.
Most flowers with enough nectar to sustain hummingbirds are colored red or orange. Hummingbirds are not born with an attraction to certain colors, but over time and through trial and error they find that red and orange flowers offer the most nectar, according to the University of Florida Extension Service. Fuschia-colored flowers also attract hummingbirds. Bright-colored flowers that attract hummingbirds include cannas, zinnias and tiger lilies.
Tubular flowers hold a large amount of nectar at their bases, making the long-beaked hummingbird more fit to feast on that type of bloom than bees. The best plants have outward-facing flowers so the hummingbirds do not hit their wings on foliage. Often flowers attracting these birds are either large and solitary or hanging in loose, drooping clusters. Tubular flowers such as trumpet creeper, Mexican cigar and galvezia attract hummingbirds. Bleeding hearts, although not tubular, also attract hummingbirds.
Blooming Period and Variety
Hummingbirds will come around in early spring and stay throughout late summer if you have enough nectar to feed them. Plant a variety of annuals and perennials with overlapping blooming times to give them a continuous nectar supply. For example, in one area you may want to plant the flowering currant, which blooms from March to April; bleeding heart, which blooms from April to June; and coral bells, which bloom from April to August. Add a trellis to this area or another area with orange honeysuckle blooming in spring and trumpet vine blooming in late summer. Hummingbirds are very territorial so separate areas of flowers will attract more birds.