Chile peppers are a favorite vegetable to grow in home gardens. In fact, Colorado State University writes that peppers are second only to tomatoes in popularity. Even better, when you choose to grow your peppers from seed, you get to pick from a huge selection of chile varieties that are not found in stores. Before you grow your own peppers, start your seeds in water so that they have the best chance of pushing through the soil (germinating) and becoming a healthy plant.
Wait until eight to 10 weeks before the last expected frost in your location before preparing your pepper seeds. Frost kills pepper plants so you do not want to grow them too early.
Inspect your pepper seeds and remove any that appear discolored or smaller than the rest. The appearance of the seeds helps you determine which ones that are less likely to germinate.
Fill a jar with water and drop your seeds inside. Use a spoon to scoop out any seeds that float to the top. Seeds that float do not have the embryos to produce pepper plants.
Allow your seeds to soak for two to three days. This length of time softens the seed shell before planting, which allows the seedling to have an easier time when pushing through this barrier.
Remove your pepper seeds and place them in the growing container of your choice. Sow the seeds no more than 1/4 inch deep in sterilized potting soil.