Bing cherry, known botanically as Prunus avium, is a variety of sweet cherry grown widely for fresh eating and sometimes for preserving. According to Oregon State University, bing cherries are the best fresh-shipping cherry grown commercially in the United States. The fruit is dark ruby-black with deep ruby-purple flesh. They are known for a large fruit flesh-to-stone ratio and are very plump and juicy when ripe. The trees are hardy growing in USDA zones 5 though 8. Plant your cherry tree when dormant in late fall or in early spring.
Site your Bing cherry tree in a full sun exposure area where it will receive a minimum of 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Choose a site to accommodate the tree at its mature size allowing 25 feet in spread and 35 feet in overhead clearance.
Provide a nutrient-rich, sandy, lightweight and extremely well-drained soil that can hold moisture, but never allows it to pool in the soil over time. Amend heavy, poorly drained soils with coarse sand or plant the tree in a raised mound or berm of soil to improve drainage conditions.
Dig a planting hole in the prepared soil that is twice the diameter and roughly the same depth as the container the tree comes in. Slide the tree from the pot and set down into the hole. Fill in soil under the root ball, if needed, to bring the top of the root ball just an inch or so above the surrounding soil. If the tree if grafted, ensure that the union of graft joint rests at least 2 inches above the soil surface.
Fill the amended soil around the root ball halfway to two-thirds up the side of the hole. Tamp the soil lightly and water in well. Fill the remaining soil in and tamp lightly. Water a second time until the soil is drenched to a depth of at least a foot. Keep the soil moist at all times and never let the soil dry out beyond the top 1/2 inch of soil crust.
Mulch around the base of the tree with several inches of organic material, such as bark, to insulate the roots from drought, hold moisture in and keep weeds from growing. Leave space between the mulch material and the trunk.