Hydroponic gardening--gardening without soil--is frequently used for growing plants in smaller spaces or for producing fresh vegetables year around. It also offers some distinct advantages over soil-based gardening that make it worth considering. The use of sterile growing media eliminates weed problems and nearly all soil-born diseases and pests. Hydroponics also produces healthier, faster-maturing plants since nutrients are readily available. Gardeners may purchase premixed hydroponics solutions, but will find that it is easy enough to mix their own.
Determine how much water is needed to fill your hydroponic garden. The amount of water required will depend on the size and type of your hydroponic garden set up.
Measure 2 gallons of water into a bucket. Add 2 tsp. of fertilizer and 1 tsp. of Epsom salts per gallon of water needed in your hydroponic system.
Stir the solution in the bucket until the fertilizer and Epsom salts are completely dissolved.
Add water to your hydroponic garden as you pour in the solution you have just mixed in the bucket. Mix well to ensure the nutrients are evenly distributed.