Muscadine grapevines grow easily in the wild, producing a thick-skinned, juicy fruit that creates wines, sauces, jams and dried snacks. Wild muscadine vines are warm-weather plants and cannot tolerate cold temperatures, so they usually grow in the southern and western regions of the country. The best way to transplant wild muscadines is to find the year-old plants in the late winter to spring season (this is when the vine is dormant). You can identify young muscadine vines because they have around two nodes on the stem. It is important to dig and prepare the planting site before digging the transplant.
Pick a planting site that is in full sun, ideally sandy soil on a slight slope. Use the shovel to dig two holes 20 feet apart for the posts, each about 2 1/2 feet deep. Till the soil directly between these two holes, layering 1 inch of compost in and around the tilling area.
Put a 7-foot post (these hold up the vine) in each hole, burying the end of each about 2 feet into the ground.
Screw the eye-hooks into the end posts, putting one screw 2 1/2 feet above the ground on each post, and the screw-eye 5 feet above the ground. These hold the two layers of wire.
Start with the lower strand of wire, stapling it to the first post just below the lower screw-eye. Run the wire through the eye.
Pull the wire carefully and firmly over to the second post, and run it through the lower eye on this post. Leave one to 2 inches hanging. Staple this to the end post. Repeat this process with the upper screw-eyes.
Dig and prepare the hold for your muscadine vine transplant. Dig the a foot deep and wide, exactly half way in between the two posts.
Place the transplant grapevine into the planting hole. Position the roots carefully so they are all pointing one way and are not crowded. Backfill the soil, covering the roots until the hole is filled halfway. Gently tamp down the soil and water thoroughly so the soil can settle and air bubbles won't form around the roots. Fill the hole with the rest of the soil until it is even with the ground. Mulch the transplant with 4 inches of straw.