Most gardeners start pepper seeds indoors eight to 10 weeks before the last frost date in their area. Pepper seeds can be started directly in the garden if you live in an area with a long growing season, such as the southern portions of the United States. Peppers prefer hot temperatures and rich, sandy loam with good drainage and full sun. Peppers planted directly in the garden must be planted after all chances of frost have passed in your area.
Prepare the garden space by deeply tilling the area.
Spread several inches of mature compost over the area and re-till to work the compost into the soil.
Dig a 1/2-inch trench in the prepared soil using the hoe.
Sow the seeds in the trench approximately 1 1/2 inches apart. Cover the seeds with the removed dirt.
Plant subsequent rows approximately 12 inches apart.
Thin the plants to one plant every foot after germination and the seedlings are established.