One of the most popular grasses in the state of Kentucky, Bermuda grass is a hardy favorite among gardeners who live in areas that experience dry spells. Though Bermuda grass can survive with minimal care, monthly Bermuda grass maintenance can help keep prevent weeds and disease and keep the grass lush, green and soft to the touch, giving it a more uniform and decorative appearance.
Bermuda grass is warm-season grass that is popular for use on football fields and in grazing areas for livestock. Bermuda grass maintenance procedures are best done in a prescribed calendar schedule. Techniques used to maintain Bermuda grass include mowing, fertilizing and watering.
During most of the year, Bermuda grass needs to be mowed to a height of 3 to 4 inches about once a week, except in the winter months when it should not need mowing. When the grass turns green in the spring, give Bermuda grass a short cut to about an inch and a half in height. Mowing the grass shorter once in the spring season serves to allow the new growing grass to come through. After the once-yearly crew-cut, resume the weekly mowing schedule.
Bermuda grass is tolerant to drought, so the spring season from March to May should require little water to keep a green and thriving lawn. Water Bermuda grass during the dry months to keep it from going dormant and brown. Avoid over-watering Bermuda grass; it needs little water to stay green. In the winter months, Bermuda grass may need to be watered occasionally if there is no rain.
Bermuda grass should be fertilized once per month, except in the winter months, when it should not be fertilized. In the fall, just before the frost, apply nitrogen at a ratio of 8 oz. of nitrogen for every 1,000 square feet of grass. Just after the grass turns green in the spring, fertilize monthly with 1 pound of nitrogen to every 1,000 square feet of Bermuda grass.
If a lawn becomes weak, often due to poor soil, over-watering or improper maintenance, Bermuda grass is susceptible to leafy invaders like dandelions and clover. When weed problems strike, treat Bermuda grass with herbicides that specifically attack the type of weed growing in the lawn with minimal harm to the grass.
Bermuda grass is a hardy grass that survives even in partially arid environments. Chronic problems with Bermuda grass that occur even with proper maintenance can indicate deficiencies or pests in the soil. Many college agricultural centers offer soil sample testing that can help you identify and correct the problem with the soil.