The bird-of-paradise plant earns its name from its exotic flowers. Each flower resembles the head of bird when it is in bloom. Birds-of-paradise are evergreen, making them suitable houseplants in most homes and interesting outdoor plants in areas that do not experience freezing winters. The unique flowers are produced on tall flower stalks, ensuring that they make an impression as they tower above other nearby plants. Cutting back the bird-of-paradise after it has flowered improves the appearance of the plant and encourages further blooming.
Sterilize a pair of gardening shears prior to cutting back to prevent the spread of disease. Rinse the shears in a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water.
Cut off the stem right above the nearest flower bud once the top flower withers and dies. Birds-of-paradise often produce two or more flower buds along a single stem, with each blooming at separate times.
Cut off the entire stem at the base once all blooming along the stem is completed.
Inspect the plant regularly for dead or damaged leaves. Cut these off where they emerge from the main plant.