Gardeners living in areas near salt water have to be sure any shrubs near the water are salt-resistant. Salt water is not a natural habitat for many shrubs and can cause serious or even fatal damage to shrubs and other plants. Fortunately, there are shrubs that can stand up to all of the salt water that gets thrown at them and still provide the same features as shrubs that would not last the year.
European Fly Honeysuckle
European fly honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum) grows to about 8 feet tall and 8 feet wide and produces gray-green or blue-green deciduous leaves that change to green with tinges of purple in the fall. The flowers are white or cream-white and bloom in May, growing in clusters of four. Plant European fly honeysuckle in full sun or partial shade and in a moist, well-drained soil. The shrub is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 6.
Black jetbead (Rhodotypos scandens) is a deciduous shrub that grows from 3 to 6 inches tall and a much bigger width. The plant features bright-green leaves that grow from 2 to 4 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide and turn a pale yellow in the fall, small white flowers that bloom in June and hard, black fruit that ripens in October. Plant black jetbead in full sun, partial shade or full shade and a moist soil.
Alpine currant (Ribes alpinum) grows to 5 feet tall and 7 feet wide with oval-shaped leaves that appear in the early spring, start out as bright green, turn to medium-to dark-green leaves as they mature and dark green or chartreuse in the fall. The flowers are either male or female, yellow-green and bloom in April. Female plants produce fruit early in September. Plant Alpine currant in full sun, partial shade or full shade and a moist well drained soil. The plant is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 2 to 7.
Arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) grows to 9 feet tall and 9 feet wide or larger. The leaves are medium to dark green, change to green, chartreuse, yellow, orange, burgundy, or red in the fall, are oval-shaped and can be narrow or broad. The cream-white flowers bloom in late May and early June, growing in 3-inch-wide, flat-topped clusters. The flowers give way to blue or blue-purple fruits that mature in August and are a favorite of the local bird population. Plant arrowwood viburnum in full sun or partial shade and in a soil that is moist and well-drained to dry. The plant is hardy in USDA Zones 3 to 8.