Once the perennial flowers best suited for New Jersey's northeastern climate take root, they produce vibrant flowers year after year. For proper maintenance, plant these perennials in areas that receive full sun to partial shade in nutrient-rich, well-balanced soil. Water perennials regularly and mulch to keep their soil moist and well aerated.
Also known as common yarrow, western yarrow and milfoil, yarrow (Achillea millfolium) is a member of the Asteraceae, or aster, family. Yarrow is native to the United States and is hardy in the New Jersey area. It produces off-white to pink inflorescences that bloom as clusters of 25 small flowers from April through September. This flower grows to 3 feet in height in full sun to partial shade and dry, well-drained soil.
Also known as brown-eyed Susan and common black-eyed Susan, this perennial flower belongs to the Asteraceae, or aster, family. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) is a native wildflower that grows as a short-term perennial or an annual. Its daisy-shaped flowers have very bold yellow petals and a dark center and bloom from June through October. Black-eyed Susan grows to 3 feet in height, and thrives in full sun to full shade and well-drained, moist to dry soils. The black-eyed Susan attracts birds and butterflies and is highly deer-resistant.
Eastern Red Columbine
Also named wild red columbine, this perennial flower is native to the United States and grows up to 2 feet in height. Eastern red columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) is a member of the Ranunculaceae, or buttercup, family that is native to woodland areas. It produces pink, red or yellow bell-shaped flowers that hang downward. This flower blooms from February through July. It grows in partial shade to full shade and in moist to dry well-drained, sandy soils. According to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center of the University of Texas at Austin, eastern red columbine attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and birds, and it is semi deer-resistant.
Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) is a perennial flower of the Asteraceae (aster or daisy) family. It grows from spring through summer, reaching more than 1 foot tall. Its white daisy flowers with their yellow centers bloom in the summer. Oxeye daisy thrives in full sun to partial shade and moist to dry soils and is propagated by the seeds it produces from the summer through the fall, as stated by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.