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Deer Resistant Plants for the Northwest

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Deer Resistant Plants for the Northwest

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The fertile soils of the northwestern region of the United States are ideal for gardening, except that local deer may come along and devour your garden's array of vegetables, flowers, shrubs and plants. Rather than invest in deer-repellent devices and chemical formulas, consider planting deer-resistant plants in your landscape to avoid the worry of your forest visitors feasting in your garden.

Foxglove

A member of the Scrophulariaceae, or snapdragon, family, foxglove ("Digitalis purpurea") is a deer-resistant perennial that grows in the northwest. Also known as common foxglove and purple foxglove, this plant grows up to 6 feet tall and forms white to purple bell-like blossoms in the springtime. Foxgloves thrive in rich, well-drained, moist soils and in partial shade.

Salal

Salal ("Gaultheria shallon") is a deer-resistant flowering perennial evergreen shrub that belongs to the Ericaceae, or heath, family. It is native to the northwest, as far north as Alaska and as far south as California. Salal produces long clusters of small pink or white flowers that bloom mid-spring through early summer, and it produces small, dark blue edible berries, as stated by the VirginiaTech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. Salal grows from the spring through the fall, reaching up to 6 feet in height. It thrives in full sun to partial shade and in moist soil.

Oregon Grape

Also known as hollyleaved barberry, Oregon grape ("Mahonia aquifolium") is a deer-resistant evergreen perennial shrub of the Berberidaceae, or barberry, family. It grows in the northwestern region of the United States, in California and in states in the eastern region. Oregon grape grows from spring through summer, reaching up to 10 feet in height, having a semi-erect form, according to the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. It grows in moist to semi-dry soil and is very drought tolerant. It is also shade tolerant, growing in full sun to partial shade. Its yellow flowers bloom in late spring, and its small, dark blue edible berries ripen in the summer.

Evergreen Huckleberry

Evergreen huckleberry ("Vaccinium ovatum") is a perennial shrub that belongs to the Ericaceae, or heath, family. It is native to the western North America and is deer-resistant. Evergreen huckleberry is also known as evergreen blueberry and California huckleberry, according to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center of the University of Texas at Austin. It grows from spring through summer, reaching up to 10 feet in height. Its white to pink flowers bloom in late spring, while its edible purple fruit, or berries, form in the summer. Evergreen huckleberry grows in full sun to partial shade and in moist to semi-dry soil.

Keywords: deer resistant plants, northwest plants, deer resistant gardening

About this Author

Naima Manal’s articles on health, diet, nutrition, alternative medicine, education, parenting, crafts, travel, home and garden and home improvement have appeared on eHow, Garden Guides, Trails, ConnectED, Helium and others. Manal received her B.S. degree in biology/pre-medical studies from Molloy College in 1994 and has been a freelance writer, teacher and homeschooling mom since 1993.