Different color flowers have different meanings, and red flowers express passion and love and bring a vibrant energy to the garden--a perfect counter balance to the relaxing feeling created by the yellows, whites and blues. A garden of all different shades of red flowers is a magnet for the local butterfly and bird populations, bringing their own special splash of color and energy.
Trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans) is also known as the trumpet vine and is a member of the bignonia family. The plant is a vine that grows up to 40 feet long. The plant produces compound leaves that are made up of from seven to 15 small, oval-shaped leaflets, each one reaching 1 to 4 inches long and the whole leaf 4 to 12 inches long. The 3- to 4-inch-long red flowers are trumpet-shaped, bloom in spring or summer and give way to 4- to 8-inch-long seed pods that remain on the plant through the winter. The vine can be found growing in the southeast and along the Gulf Coast and is hardy in USDA Plant Hardiness zones 6 to 10. Plant trumpet creeper in full sun to get the most flowers and in a soil that is rich and moist. The plant has the ability to climb up brick or cement walls, but can do damage. The best location is along a fence or on a trellis. The flowers are a favorite of both hummingbirds and butterflies.
Scarlet Bee Balm
Scarlet bee balm (Monarda didyma L.) is also called Oswego tea and red bergamot and is a member of the mint family that grows from 2 to 6 feet tall and 1 to 3 feet wide. The bright-red tube-shaped flowers grow in 2- to 4-inch-wide clusters at the top of the stems that are covered with dark-green oval leaves. The plant is found in the eastern United States from Maine through South Carolina and as far west as Iowa and Ohio and in Oregon and Washington in the northwest. The plant will bloom from midsummer to fall in the north and spring to early summer in the south. Plant scarlet bee balm in full sun or partial shade and a soil that is moist to wet. Hummingbirds, butterflies and bees will stop by for a meal and help in pollinating the flowers.
Cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclit) is also known as cardinal climber and star glory and is a member of the morning glory family. The vine grows to about 20 feet long with feathery leaves that grow up to 3 to 4 inches long and tube-shaped red flowers that grow up to 1 1/2 inches long. Plant cypress vine in full sun or partial shade and a well drained moist soil. The plant is hardy in USDA zones 6 to 11 and is another favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds.