Types of Mexican Flowers

Home to the mountain ranges of the Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental, as well as the Sonoran Desert, Mexico encompasses tremendous biodiversity. The country is rich with native plants and flowers, some of which can't be found growing in the wild anywhere else in the world. Many Mexican flowers are cultivated throughout the world for their ornamental value.


Dahlia is a genus of flowering perennials native to Mexico, as well as Colombia and Central America. They are grown throughout the Americas for their flowers, which are so densely layered with colorful petals that their overall impression is almost psychedelic. Dahlias were used by Aztecs in Mexico for ceremonies, food and decoration. Considering the flower's beauty, it's no surprise that Mexico claimed the Dahlia as its national flower. Species include the Dahlia Adelaide Fontane, which boasts pale pink and yellow petals, and the Dahlia Appleblossom, which has wide yellow petals and an almost sunflower like appearance. Dahlias will produce their best blooms in well-drained soil and full sunlight, although they will grow in partial shade as well.

Mexipedium xerophyticum

Mexipedium xerophyticum (no common name) is a species of orchid that is native exclusively to one site in Oaxaca, Mexico. Upon the orchid's discovery, samples were taken for propagation and the plant now is grown as an ornamental. The Mexipedium xerophyticum grows on cliffs at elevations above 1,000 feet, as well as on rocky debris. The plant has gray green leaves and delicate, icy white flowers that are tinged with pink. The rare orchid prefers dry conditions and indirect sunlight.

Desert Pincushion

Desert Pincushion (Chaenactis stevioides), also called Esteve's Pincushion or False Yarrow, is a flowering desert plant found in Northern Mexico and all four of the deserts of the American Southwest. Desert Pincushions are members of the sunflower family (Compositae), though they don't bear much resemblance. The plants have long hairy stalks, 1-inch or smaller gray-green leaves and small, pincushion-like white blooms. The plants can be found growing in the wild on rocky mesas or plains from elevations between 1,000 and 6,000 feet. Ideal conditions for this plant are dry soils and full sun.

Keywords: Mexican flowers, flower types, Mexican flora

About this Author

Michelle Wishhart is a writer based out of Astoria, Ore. She has been writing professionally for five years, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for an alternative weekly paper in Santa Cruz. She has a B.A. in fine arts from the University of California in Santa Cruz and a minor in English literature.