Types of Magnolia & Pecan Trees

Presently 500 different pecan tree varieties and 80 magnolia tree and shrub varieties exist, each with its own distinct, shape, size and growing requirements. Grown for their nuts, many pecan trees have a vigorous growth rate. Native to eastern Asia, magnolia trees are comprised of both deciduous and evergreen types, both with showy flowers that grow in a wide range or colors.

Cape Fear Pecan Tree

Cape Fear pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis 'Cape fear') is a deciduous pecan tree variety with an upright, open form. Originating from North Carolina and grown for its nuts, Cape Fear pecan trees have a vigorous growth rate and deep taproot. The nuts on the Cape Fear pecan tree are oblong to oval and have a light honey brown color. The shells on Cape Fear pecan trees have a medium to thin thickness. The USDA Hardiness Zone for planting is 6 to 9.

Bigleaf Magnolia

Bigleaf magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla) is a deciduous tree with a slow growth rate and upright, rounded and open form. Growing 30 to 40 feet tall and 12 to 15 feet wide, bigleaf magnolia trees have gigantic, light green leaves that grow 12 to 32 inches long. Summer brings to the bigleaf magnolia tree 8- to 10-inch long white, fragrant flowers for a striking landscape presence. Bigleaf magnolia trees require full sun to partial shade and moist, nutrient-rich soil. The zone for planting is 5 to 8.

Cucumbertree Magnolia

Cucumbertree magnolia (Magnolia acuminata), as the name suggests, have small fruit that resembles a cucumber. A deciduous magnolia tree variety, cucumbertree magnolia trees have a moderate to rapid growth rate and medium to coarse texture. When young, the cucumbertree magnolia has a pyramidal shape that becomes more rounded and broad when mature. The spreading branches on the cucumbertree magnolia hold the 6- to 10-inch leaves that turn red, brown and golden yellow in fall. Growing 50 to 80 feet tall and wide, cucumbertree magnolia have fragrant yellow to green flowers that emerge in spring and grow 3 to 5 inches long. Cucumbertree magnolia prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained, moist soil. The USDA zone for planting is 4 to 8.

Moreland Pecan

Moreland pecan (Carya illinoinensis 'Moreland') is a deciduous pecan tree variety with a vigorous growth rate and dense canopy, making for an ideal tree to grow as a shade tree among the landscape. Disease-resistant, Moreland pecan trees have pecans that are oblong to ovate in shape with a medium shell thickness. Moreland pecans are known for being difficult to crack open. The zone for planting is 6 to 9.

Keywords: pecan tree varieties, magnolia tree varieties, Cape Fear pecan, bigleaf magnolia, cucumbertree magnolia, moreland pecan tree

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer, designer and photographer in North Carolina. Barber's love for design and writing inspired her to create Design Your Revolution, a blog that shares creative and affordable ways to decorate your indoor and outdoor living environment. Her articles have appeared in Travels.com and GardenGuides.com and her photography has been featured in "Automotive News" magazine and Forbes.com.