Peach trees can easily be propagated from seed but may not produce an exact replica of the tree from which the seed was taken. That can make this method of propagation frustrating, or fun and surprising, depending on your point of view. Start the fresh pits directly in the garden soil in the late summer or fall.
Harvest mature peach pits from fresh and fully ripe fruit in the summer. Remove the flesh around the pits and rinse them clean in clean water. Harvest several more pits than you may want in resulting trees to compensate for any germination failures.
Prepare a well tilled planting area in good quality garden soil. If planting in poor soil, amend with compost or well aged manure to boost the nutritional value.
Bury the pit 4 inches deep in the soil and allow an interval of 4 inches between multiple pits. Cover over with displaced soil and tamp down lightly.
Top-dress the planting with at 1 inch of straw, pine needles or shredded bark to insulate the pit over the winter.
Water over the top-dressing until the soil below is moist to wet. Water the area during the winter when the weather is dry, warm or there has been a lack of snow or rainfall.
Monitor the area carefully in late spring for signs of green shoots coming up through the top-dressing. This may also take two years to occur. Transplant the seedling to a pot or another permanent ground location in the late spring.