List of Wild Flowers

Greenhouses, perfectly manicured landscapes and front porches aren't the only spots where beautiful flowers grow. Wildflowers need no human intervention to grow. They flourish in meadows, woodlands, rocky outcrops and by streams, having adapted over time to withstand what can be harsh growing conditions due to topography and weather. Planted in your garden, wildflowers will grow with no special care or cultivation.


These perennials feature yellow, daisy-like flowers with spiky dark seed centers. They grow on stiff stems that reach up to 3 feet tall, making them perfect additions to gardens that need plants with more vertical visual appeal. Found in the wild along roadsides and open fields, this state flower of Maryland blooms from June through August. Black-eyed-Susans enjoy full sun and moderately fertile soil. They grow easily from seed and have a vase life of 10 days.

Mexican Hat

Mexican Hat flowers resemble sombreros, sporting bright red petals with yellow borders that surround black, cone-shaped heads. Depending on climate, the Midwest natives may be annuals or perennials. Like black-eyed-Susans, they can grow up to 3 feet tall and prefer full sun. Mexican Hats bloom from June through September. Non-acidic, loose, gritty soil that stays relatively dry is preferred.

Showy Primrose

As its name suggests, showy primrose is indeed a standout. Soft pink blooms with white centers and yellow pollen characterize this southwestern U.S. and Mexico native. Blooms open in the morning and last only one day. Plants grow upward to 16 inches, but tend to sprawl. They are not particular about soil, but do enjoy full sun.

Perennial Lupine

Upright flower spikes in deep blue and purple help make perennial lupine a good bouquet flower. These lupines are native from Maine and Ontario down south through Florida. Full sun and gravelly, well-drained soil is a must for this wildflower that blooms up to 2 feet tall from April through June.

Rose Mallow

This eye-catching or small bush is often mistaken for hibiscus because of its large flowers that measure up to 4 inches across, which bloom in pink, rose and white. It is a European native that has been naturalized to the southeastern United States. Rose mallow grows up to 5 feet tall in moist, well-drained soil, and full sun or partial shade. It blooms from June through September.

Blue Flax

This California native, first seen by Meriwether Lewis on his famed expedition with William Clark, has adapted well to other parts of North America. Atop feathery, gray-green foliage are small, cup-shaped periwinkle-colored flowers. Flowers only bloom one day, but so many bloom at different times on each plant that flowers are continuously present from May through September. Blue flax prefers growing in full sun and light, sandy soil.

Keywords: growing wildflowers, wildflower growth, wildflower types

About this Author

Joy Brown is a newspaper reporter at "The Courier" and in Findlay, Ohio. She has been writing professionally since 1995, primarily in Findlay and previously at the "Galion (Ohio) Inquirer" and "Toledo City Paper." Brown holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism and history from Miami University.