Growing herbs indoors is a great way to incorporate fresh herbal ingredients into any kitchen creation. In addition, it will bring greenery into the room. According to the University of Illinois Extension, indoor herb gardening requires good drainage, sunlight and adequate water. "A south or west windowsill provides a good spot for an herb garden," according to the University of Illinois Extension. Once these basic requirements are met, indoor gardeners can utilize a number of common herbs that pay off in fresh ingredients. A variety of herbs can be grown well indoors.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is one of the easiest and most popular gardening herbs. In addition, this aromatic plant can be used in indoor herb planters. According to Clemson University Extension, basil needs at least six hours of sunlight as well as well-drained but damp soil. Basil is commonly used in tomato-based dishes as well as pesto sauce and as a flavoring additive in both vinegar and oil and teas.
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) is a culinary herb in the same family as parsley. However, these two cousins taste nothing alike. According to University of Massachusets-Amherst Extension, the leaves of the cilantro plant are used as an herb. However, the dried seeds, called coriander seed, are used as a spice and have an entirely different taste. Cilantro likes full sun, like basil, but not very hot temperatures. Cilantro also thrives in moist but well-drained soil.
Dill (Anethum graveolena) is a pickling favorite. Dill is also a great culinary herb used on fish and poultry as well as in a variety of soups, dips, oils and vinegars. Dill, like basil and cilantro, prefers well-drained but moist soil as well as full sun.
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) are a member of the onion family and make a great addition to an indoor herbal tray planter. University of Minnesota Extension asserts that chives need at least six hours of sun light, like basil, as well as well-drained but moist soil. Chives can be used in salads, soups, oils, stews and a number of other dishes.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is another herb that requires full sun and moist, well-drained soil. In addition, this herb works great indoors as long as it is not placed in direct sunlight where the leaves can become scorched. Oregano is regularly used in tomato-based dishes, similar to basil, as well as a flavoring for oils, vinegar and teas.