How to Make a Row for Planting Potatoes


Fresh potatoes from the garden taste completely different than store-bought potatoes. Growing potatoes is not difficult, provided you have prepared the ground and you use a good-quality seed potato. Potatoes, a member of the nightshade family, grow from cut potatoes rather than from seeds. Once you have your seed potatoes cut and cured, you are ready to plant. Potatoes prefer an acid soil with a pH factor of 5.0 to 6.0.

Step 1

Till your planting area in the early spring, as soon as the ground can be worked, to loosen and break apart the soil.

Step 2

Use a hoe to dig a trench as long as like. Make it 3 inches deep into the plowed area.

Step 3

Place pieces of seed potato in the trench, leaving 9 to 12 inches between the pieces.

Step 4

Cover the seed potatoes with the dirt removed when hoeing the trench.

Step 5

Cover the row with a 4- to 5-inch layer of straw or hay to act as mulch once the plants have broken the surface of the garden bed. This will allow the row to retain moisture.

Step 6

If you want a second row, make it 2 to 3 feet from the first row. Plant multiple rows in the same way as the first.

Things You'll Need

  • Tiller
  • Hoe
  • Cut and cured seed potatoes
  • Hay or straw


  • University of Illinois: Potato
  • North Carolina State University: Planting Irish Potatoes (PDF)
  • "The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening" by the Editors of Organic Gardening and Farming Magazine, 1975
Keywords: garden potatoes, potato rows, prepare potato rows

About this Author

G. K. Bayne is a freelance writer, currently writing for Demand Studios where her expertise in back-to-basics, computers and electrical equipment are the basis of her body of work. Bayne began her writing career in 1975 and has written for Demand since 2007.