Flowers are mainstays of beauty in the garden. They attract bees, hummingbirds and many appreciative remarks from passersby. They require a lot of work, but they can be very showy and if grown correctly can be kept blooming throughout the entire growing season. They provide the nose with a variety of fragrances that make everyday life more enjoyable and are pleasing to the eye as well.
Planning is very important. It is wise to consider the amount of sunlight the planting area receives when choosing the flowers to plant. Also, it is a good idea to plant after your region's last frost of the spring so the seeds won't get frozen before they can germinate or the sprouts don't freeze and die. It is best to know what your flowers will look like after they reach maturity and plan your flower garden so that all of the flowers will be visible. For example, some flowers stick close to the ground, and others stand very tall. Still others stand somewhere in the middle, so know your flowers well before you plant.
Autumn Preparation and Spring Planting
Prepare flower beds in the autumn by digging up the soil to loosen it. Spade it and fertilize it before the actual planting in the spring so the soil will be able to support the growth of new plants. If you are planting flowers from sprouts, make sure that holes are dug only deep enough to cover all of the roots, leaving the green leaves above the soil. If planting from seeds, read the instructions on the packet carefully before digging. Make sure that before tilling up a garden area that you know precisely what type of sun coverage that area receives during the growing season and plant accordingly.
Seeds and Bulbs
Seeds should be planted according to the instructions on the seed packet. The information should tell you how deep to plant, how far apart they should be planted and how much water they need. All seeds are different and have different rules for planting. Seeds may require special potting soils or a certain pH in the soil for them to germinate properly and thrive. It is possible to add some nutrients to the soil through the use of compost. Flower bulbs have special instructions that need to be followed as well, including hints about planting, digging up the bulbs in the fall and storing them until the following season.
Deadheading and Replanting
Deadheading helps to keep the plants flowering for a longer period. This means cutting off the flowers low on the stem before they can go to seed. The plant will produce more flowers to produce seeds. Some plants can't be deadheaded because of having only one flower per plant to begin with and need to be replanted before their blooming season is over to keep them flowering throughout the growing season. In these cases, take the seeds from the first plants and plant them among the original flowers to start a new batch that will take over the blooming where the first batch leaves off.