Aloe plants are exceedingly easy to grow and just as easy to transplant. For the first few years of their life, young aloe plants grow quite quickly and need to be transplanted annually to keep them from outgrowing their pots. Older potted aloe plants that have stopped growing quite so quickly should still be transplanted periodically to refresh their soil. Aloe vera shoots growing from the parent plant are also easy to transplant if you wait until they have developed their own root systems.
Remove the aloe plant from its current container. The easiest way to do this is to lay the pot on its side and then hit the sides of it with your open palm to loosen the soil first. Then grab the aloe plant by its base and wiggle it free of the soil. It should come easily. If it does not, take a sharp knife and run it along the inside of the pot to loosen the soil.
Shake the soil from the aloe plant's roots.
Detach any rooted shoots you would like to replant. You can simply snap them off of the parent aloe if it is sufficiently dry. If none of the roots break away from the shoot, you can plant it anyway.
Examine the aloe plant's roots. Use pruning shears to trim any that are too long, broken or dead.
Replant the aloe. Fill the pot with fresh succulent potting soil mix and make sure the aloe is planted at the same depth as it was in its original pot (do not cover its leaves). Plant adult aloe in containers that are just 1 inch larger than its previous one. Aloe plants like to be somewhat root bound. Plant aloe shoots in small containers appropriate for their size.
Wait one to two weeks to water your newly transplanted aloe.