How to Do Companion Planting for Peppers


Companion planting takes advantage of the natural growing habits of specific plants when grown in proximity to others. Repelling harmful insect pests, providing shade or adding nutrients to the soil makes specific plants ideal as companions. Technically, companion plants share a mutually beneficial relationship while allies provide protection for another plant; however, the terms are often used interchangeably to refer to groups of plants that thrive when grown together.

Step 1

Plant peppers with okra. According to the Dallas Morning News, okra shelters peppers from wind and reduces damage to brittle stems.

Step 2

Grow peppers near tomatoes and basil--they require similar growing conditions and thrive when grown together. Group peppers in twos or threes spaced 1 foot apart in between tomato plants. Sow basil between plantings. Tomatoes provide protection from harsh elements, allowing pepper plants to thrive.

Step 3

Place peppers near onions, carrots and eggplant as peppers thrive with these companions. Onions and carrots direct-seeded around pepper plants grow quickly, providing a healthy companion, while eggplant helps shield peppers from winds.

Step 4

Use dill, coriander and buckwheat planted near peppers to reduce damage from European corn borers (ECB). A study published by the University of Delaware Extension concluded that these plants attract predators that destroy egg masses of ECB, thereby reducing insect damage to peppers.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden tools


  • Dallas Morning News: Corn and Peppers Make Great Companion Plants for Garden Vegetables
  • University of Delaware Extension: Investigating the Effects of Companion Plantings
  • MSU Extension: Vegetables and Companion Planting
  • Cornell Extension: Companion Planting

Who Can Help

  • University of Illinois Extension: Peppers
  • Ohio State University Extension: Growing Peppers in the Home Garden
Keywords: companion planting, companions for peppers, companion plants peppers

About this Author

Nannette Richford is an avid gardener, teacher and nature enthusiast with 4 years experience in online writing and a lifetime of personal journals. She is published on various sites, including Associated Content. Richford holds a Bachelor of Science in secondary education from the University of Maine Orono and certifications in 7-12 English, K-8 General Elementary and Birth to age 5.