Leather Leaf Fern Care

Overview

The leatherleaf fern is an evergreen plant that grows outdoors in warm climates or indoors as a houseplant. Leatherleaf fern is native to South Africa and thrives in a warm, humid environment. The fern maintains its attractive deep green color when given proper nutrition and moisture during the spring and summer growing months.

Characteristics

The leatherleaf fern is an upright growing plant that reaches a height up to 3 feet and spread up to 4 feet. The plant has dark green, glossy colored leaves with a course texture. The leaves are long and can reach a length up to 3 feet with a pyramidal shape. Leatherleaf ferns are an evergreen plant that does not produce flowers.

Planting Location

Leatherleaf ferns are commonly grown as a houseplant as the fern is only hardy outdoors in USDA growing zone 11 where the temperature stays above 25 degrees Fahrenheit. The fern requires a well draining potting soil in a container that is slightly wider than the root ball and indirect sunlight. Leatherleaf ferns planted outdoors require a sandy or clay loam soil that has an acidic pH of 5.5 to 6.5 and shaded sunlight.

Care

Leatherleaf ferns grown indoors and outdoors require a soil that remains evenly moist throughout the hot summer months. Water applied to the fern should always be warm to prevent shock. The fern should be fertilized with half strength water soluble fertilizer every two weeks during the spring and summer months as this is the prime growing time.

Propagation

The leatherleaf fern is propagated to produce new plants by dividing the root ball in spring. Divided plants should be potted in a container that is slightly wider than the root ball with a high quality potting soil. Leatherleaf ferns can be propagated by collecting ripe spores and placing them in a paper envelope to dry. The seeds are sown on a brick covered with 1/4 inch of moist peat moss in a plastic container filled with 2 inches of distilled water. Seeds are sprinkled onto the peat moss and the entire container is covered with clear plastic to create a greenhouse environment.

Problems

Leatherleaf ferns are susceptible to mealy bugs and scale infestations. Mealy bugs are small insects that are white and waxy in appearance with waxy filaments that extend from the body. Scales are insects that have a shell covering over the body and are able to fly short distances. Plants that are infested with either insect should be isolated for several weeks to prevent the insects from spreading to other plants. Small amounts of insects can be manually removed from the plant or sprayed with insecticide. Plants that are heavily infested should be discarded.

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About this Author

Jennifer Loucks has over 10 years of experience as a former technical writer for a software development company in Wisconsin. Her writing experience includes creating software documentation and help documents for clients and staff along with training curriculum. Loucks holds a Bachelor of Science major from the University of Wisconsin - River Falls specializing in animal science and business.