A lack of gardening space need not prevent you from gardening. Many vegetables are suitable for container planting and they will produce a bountiful harvest in the second half of the summer. Experiment with planting beans in pots, for example. Bush beans will thrive in a container as long as you provide enough room for the roots and sufficient moisture to keep them healthy.
Choose a suitable planting container. Select a container with a depth of at least 10 inches and a diameter of at least 8 inches. Square or circular containers work equally well.
Cut a piece of window screen that will cover the bottom of the container. Lay the window screen over the bottom of the container to prevent potting soil from washing out the bottom of the container through the drainage holes.
Fill the container about three-quarters full of potting soil. Add about 1/2 tbsp. of granular fertilizer for every gallon of potting soil and mix the fertilizer and potting soil well with your hands. Add additional potting soil to fill the container almost to the top and mix this new potting soil in with the other potting soil to finish mixing the potting soil and fertilizer together.
Place the bean seeds onto the top of the soil in the container, spacing the beans 2 inches apart. Fit as many seeds as you can into the container with the proper spacing. Cover the seeds with 1 inch of potting soil.
Place the container in a sunny growing location where it will receive at least six hours of daylight each day.
Provide a generous watering of the bean seeds immediately after planting them. Water the beans when the soil dries and water to the point of the soil being moist again. Do not water to the point of puddles in the container.
Fertilize the bean plants again when you see the first beans forming. Mix the water-soluble fertilizer with water at slightly less than the package recommendations for the size of your container and pour the fertilizer carefully around the plants in the container. Fertilize the bean plants every two weeks until they stop producing.
Harvest beans when they are between 4 and 6 inches long. Pick the beans carefully from the plants to avoid damaging the plants as you remove the beans. Harvest beans when the plants are dry to avoid introducing bacterial germs to the plants.