Flowers add color, texture and beauty to outdoor landscaping. Different types of flowers to plant enable gardeners to have variety in different types of flower gardens. Flowers can serve as a focal point for landscaping, provide colorful borders and even attract wildlife. Learning the different types of flowers to plant expands your ability to design diverse gardening areas for landscaping.
Perennial flowers have root systems that live numerous years. There is no need to replace plants and many are self-propagating. According to the University of Missouri Extension, perennial flowers are used most often for flower borders. They are also incorporated into rock gardens and wildflower gardens for landscaping. Varieties of lilies, iris, pansies and geranium plants are colorful flowering perennials. Other perennials include yarrow, ladybells and windflowers.
Annual flowers have a one year life cycle. The plant seeds, grows, blooms and dies all within one year. Gardeners replace these flowers regularly. Mixing annuals with perennials is a way to add texture and color to flower areas for landscaping. Annuals are an inexpensive way to experiment with gardening to learn how to care for and maintain flowers. Some popular annuals include varieties of daisies, marigolds, petunias, cosmos and candytuft.
Hummingbirds use their beaks to drink nectar from flowering plants for energy and to survive. They also enjoy small insects and spiders that often reside on these types of flowers. Typically, these amazing small birds are attracted to red, orange and yellow flowers that produce high volumes of nectar. Planting gardens with a large number of these flowers attracts wildlife to the landscape. Some popular flowers to plant to encourage hummingbirds to visit include Mexican giant cigar, cypressvine, cardinal flower, scarlet bee balm, pineapple sage, coral bells and scarlet petunia.
Gardeners often plant edible flowers to add to salads, garnish dishes or decorate pastries. According to historical records, edible flowers were especially popular during the Victorian era. The majority of edible flowers require the removal of pistils and stamens. Some popular edible flowers include varieties of pansies, marigolds, carnations and day lilies.