Deciding to enhance the look of your landscape with flowers is a big decision. You're making a commitment to create and maintain a garden plot that needs care during three seasons of the year. Planting flowers in your yard requires the preparation of a planting bed, choosing suitable flowers, watering and fertilizing. A lack of knowledge shouldn't deter a novice gardener from planting flowers. A few tips from experienced gardeners will have your garden looking spiffy and beautiful throughout the growing season.
Properly preparing garden soil before a single plant hits the dirt provides the perfect base for your flower bed. Take a soil sample to the garden center to analyze deficiencies and work recommended soil additives into the dirt before planting. This plan limits damage to existing flowers and prepares the entire planting bed for easy planting as well as enhanced root growth in the loosened soil.
Take a close look at the sunlight patterns in the planned flower garden. Plants need to be paired with locations that best suit the needs of the cultivar. Nurseries and garden centers provide a label with growing requirements on each plant. Full-sun plants need 6 or more hours, partial sun need 4 to 6 hours of sun, and partial shade plants need 2 to 4 hours each day. Proper selection based on lighting requirements promotes healthy foliage growth and plenty of blooms.
Annual vs. Perennial Flowers
Annual flowers die off every fall but serve as sturdy plants during the growing season. Annuals provide instant color in the landscape and tend to have long-lasting flowers. Perennials differ from annuals in that they return year after year. Perennials also bloom for a 2-to-3-week period and offer simply interesting foliage for the remainder of the growing season. Choose annuals for immediate impact or to fill in gaps in existing shrub or perennial gardens. Add perennial flowers to supplement a shrub garden and provide some color or interesting flower display. Stagger your choices of perennials based on blooming times to create a continual display of color.
Plants need mulch to retain water in the soil and protect roots from heat and freezing. Mulch controls weeds by smothering these annoying plants when gardener's use a 3-to-4-inch layer of organic mulch on a flower bed. Protect your floral investment by providing mulch to keep roots at an even temperature. Mulch also finishes all aspects of the landscape to give the property a complete look.
Plan to water flowers regularly to maintain the quality of foliage and blooms. Summer heat takes a toll on plants that haven't been watered deeply. Deep watering involves allowing moisture to seep into the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. Accomplish this style of watering by using a soaker hose or directing a slow trickle of water around the base of each plant with a regular garden hose. Limit sprinkler use and sprayers that only moisten foliage and the top inch of garden soil.