The Goliath tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) has been around for a long time and has a reputation of being an "'heirloom" tomato, which means that it has been grown through generations. The tomato is valued for its use in salads and sandwiches. Each plant bears numerous early large tomatoes that easily weigh up to 3 lbs. apiece. Hybrids of the Goliath tomato are widely available.
Plant the seeds or start transplants early indoors before to the last frost. Once the danger of frost has passed, the plants can be moved outside in containers or set directly in the ground.
Place Goliath tomato plants 3 feet apart. Each hole should be 12 inches deep unless the transplants and seedlings are tiny. Plant tiny plants or seedlings at the same depth as their container.
Work organic matter into the garden soil around the tomato. Use peat moss, leaf debris or aged manure. Mix at a ratio of 50 percent organic matter with 50 percent garden soil.
Fertilize each plant with 1/2 cup of 5-10-10 fertilizer per plant. Water the fertilizer in thoroughly.
Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch such as peat moss or bark chips around the base of the Goliath tomato plant. The mulch will help reduce weed growth and keep the soil moist.
Harvest Goliath tomatoes when they appear completely red. Squeeze the tomato to check its firmness. The Goliath tomato should feel hard and firm to the touch before harvest.