Ohio lies within a humid continental climate zone, which means four distinct seasons, hot summers and cold winters. Gardeners often plant flowering trees to add color and ornamental interest to landscapes. If you live in Ohio, choose trees according to blossom color, bloom time, mature size and intended use. Various flowering tree varieties perform well in Ohio landscapes.
The Allegheny serviceberry tree (Amelanchier laevis) belongs to the rose family (Rosaceae) and naturally occurs across Ohio. Mature trees range from 15 to 25 feet in height and feature smooth, gray bark. The bluish-green leaves turn red or orange shades in the autumn. White flower clusters appear before the leaves emerge and give way to edible, black, purple or red berries. The Allegheny serviceberry likes acidic, loamy soils in fully shady to fully sunny locations. Gardeners often plant this flowering tree in moist woodlands and swamp margins.
The eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis), a member of the pea family (Fabaceae), ranges from 15 to 30 feet in height. This native Ohio tree features maroon to purple bark, heart-shaped, green foliage and clusters of red or purple flowers that appear from March through May. This redbud variety likes moist, alkaline soils in partially to fully shady positions. Ohio gardeners often use the eastern redbud in naturalized settings, moist woodlands and stream margins.
The flowering dogwood tree (Cornus florida ) naturally grows in Ohio thickets and woods. This Cornaceae plant family member features showy, red flowers from March through May, followed by vibrant red berries that attract birds and wildlife. The green leaves turn attractive red to red-purple tones in the autumn. Mature flowering dogwood trees range from 20 to 40 feet in height. Anthracnose and borer infestations often occur. This dogwood species likes rich, acidic soils in shady locations. The flowering dogwood generally performs well planted along streams or rivers.
The Washington hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum), a native Ohio tree belonging to the rose family, reaches up to 30 feet in height. This hawthorn variety bears long thorns, silver bark and triangular leaves that turn vibrant reds, oranges and yellows in the autumn. The odoriferous, white blossoms appear in June, followed by red fruit that persists well into winter. Washington hawthorns sometimes suffer from various rust diseases. Ohio gardeners often plant these flowering trees along rocky woodland margins and stream banks.
The tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), also called the tulip poplar, belongs to the magnolia family (Magnoliaceae) and bears star-shaped, green leaves that turn bright golden-yellow in the autumn. Tulip trees bloom from April through June, featuring large, tulip-like flowers in attractive yellow, orange or green shades. Scale and aphids sometimes infest these trees. Mature tulip trees reach up to 150 feet in height and prefer moist, acidic soils in full shade to full sun positions. This native Ohio tree works well in larger lawns, parks and moist woodland margins.