Honeysuckle flowers bloom on vines or shrubs that belong to the Caprifoliaceae plant family. Most honeysuckle varieties like well-drained, medium moist soils that receive at least partial sun. If you want to plant honeysuckles, select varieties according to their bloom time, flower color, intended use, mature size and your United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Hardiness Zone.
The trumpet honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) naturally occurs in the central and eastern regions of the United States. Winter hardy in USDA Zones 4 to 9, this honeysuckle species likes loamy, moist soils that receive plenty of sunlight. This vine ranges from 10 to 20 feet in height and spreads out between 3 and 6 feet.
Showy flower clusters appear in May and June, featuring petals with deep red or orange outsides and yellow insides. These blossoms give way to red fruits that ripen in the autumn. Trumpet honeysuckles also bear oval, blue-green leaves. This vigorous honeysuckle has no serious disease or pest problems. Gardeners often train the trumpet honeysuckle to climb arbors, pergolas, fences and trellises.
The Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica) grows best in well-drained loamy soils in partial to full sun positions. Mature plants form rounded shrubs that reach 8 to 12 feet in height with similar spreads. Winter hardy in USDA Zones 3 to 8, the Tatarian honeysuckle can quickly become invasive. This shrub bears oval, blue-green leaves with light undersides, bright red berries and fragrant, white blossoms that appear in May. Witches broom, Russian aphids and powdery mildew often occur. The Tatarian honeysuckle typically makes a good hedge, background plant, screening shrub or bird garden plant.
The morrow honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii), sometimes called the shrub honeysuckle, features fragrant, cream-colored flowers that bloom in May and June. The blossoms give way to bright red berries that attract birds. Mature morrow honeysuckle shrubs range from 5 to 8 feet in height with spreads between 6 and 10 feet. Native to Japan, this honeysuckle variety performs well in USDA Zones 4 to 8. Morrow honeysuckles like well-drained, moist soils that receive plenty of sunlight. This hardy shrub has few problems and becomes invasive in some climates. Gardeners often use morrow honeysuckles as ornamental shrubs, wildlife food plants and hedges.
Japanese honeysuckles (Lonicera japonica), also called goldnet honeysuckles, are twining vines that range from 15 to 20 feet in height and 3 to 6 feet in width. Winter hardy in USDA Zones 4 to 9, this honeysuckle species prefers well-drained, moist loams in partial to full sun. Fragrant flowers bloom from May through the first frost; they emerge white but age to light yellow. These blossoms give way to black berries that ripen in late summer. This hardy honeysuckle variety also bears oval, green leaves with golden-yellow netting. The Japanese honeysuckle typically performs well as a ground cover, screening plant and trellis climber.