Houseplants are used to add color and texture to just about any room. However, houseplants also help to purify the air by exchanging carbon dioxide for oxygen. Indoor plants range from common jade plants and philodendron to the more exotic types that can add flowers as well as unusual foliage to brighten the room and keep the air purified.
Ming aralia, polyscias, is an evergreen perennial commonly native to India, Malaysia and Asia. It offers exotic branching patterns and fern-like hanging foliage. According to Michigan State University Extension, Ming aralia is just one polyscias grown as a houseplant. However, it is a favorite because it is simple to grow. It prefers full sun and moist but not wet soil. In addition, MSU states that Ming aralias need less water during the winter season when the plant goes dormant. These dark green foliage plants will grow as tall as 7 feet if left untrimmed. For shorter more compact growth Ming aralias can be pruned into a variety of shapes.
Peace lily, Spathiphyllum, is an attractive indoor foliage plant that offers showy white flowers. This houseplant will thrive in a dark corner. Peace lilies prefer indirect sunlight and cool temperatures. Direct sunlight will cause them to sunburn. Clemson University Extension asserts that the peace lily is one of the few foliage plants that will flower in low light. The flowers resemble calla lilies and have a subtly sweet fragrance. In addition to low light, peace lilies prefer well-drained soil that is allowed to dry between watering. Peace lilies are easy to care for and offer dark green foliage that grows directly from the soil, adding to the appeal of the plant when not in bloom.
String of Pearls
String of pearls, senecio rowleyanus, is a creeping succulent that is often used indoors because of its cascading vines and small round succulent foliage. The Texas Cooperative Extension states that these houseplants prefer low light and because this is a succulent, this plant does not need frequent watering. String of pearls should be left to go dry between watering. In addition to its interesting foliage, this houseplant produces small white flowers and is known to live for many years.
Swedish ivy, Plectranthus australis, is a fast-growing cascading plant that features large glossy foliage and spiked flowers in the spring. One of the most common uses for Swedish ivy is in hanging baskets. Swedish ivy will tolerate indirect and direct lighting conditions as well as damp soil. However, similar to peace lilies and string of pearls, the soil should be allowed to go dry between watering.