Ferns are perennial plants that produce full, cascading foliage. The stems of fern plants grow long, but are too slender to support the height. The resulting drape of stems and leaves create a stunning visual when grown in hanging containers, where the spillage hangs over and below the container. To hang fern plants, select a non-porous container and remember to rotate the plant regularly.
Select a plastic hanging container in which to grow your fern plant. Hanging baskets come in a variety of materials, including wire mesh and coconut fiber. Only solid, non-porous containers--such as plastic--are suitable for hanging ferns. Ferns require a lot of moisture, which mesh and coconut wick away from the fern's roots.
Fill the flower pot halfway with a high-quality potting soil. If the soil is a water-retaining variety, amend the soil with gardening sand or perlite at a ratio of 1:1. Ferns like moisture, but require fast-draining soil.
Place the root ball of the fern in the center of the layer of potting soil. Support the fern with one hand while filling in the rest of the container with more potting soil. Water the plant thoroughly to enable the root system to work out trapped air bubbles.
Find an area of the yard or home that receives filtered sunlight. Screw a hook into a beam, or anchor a plant hanger into a stud in the wall.
Water the fern plant when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil feels dry to the touch. If the fern is growing indoors, remove the plant from its hook and water it in the shower for several minutes. Let the excess water drain out before returning the plant to its hook. For outdoor ferns, use a watering wand to water the plant where it hangs.
Rotate the fern 180 degrees every two weeks, so that the plant will have even sun exposure. If you don't rotate the fern, the side that is growing in full shade will be smaller and less full than the sun-exposed side.