Commonly referred to as the tree of life, the date palm tree thrives in many areas of the Middle East, Southern Europe, South Africa and Central America. Date trees provide the essential ingredient in many cultural foods throughout these areas. Date palm trees prefer dry and semi-arid regions but grow well in a variety of climates and soil conditions. Although many date palms grow from propagated shoots, seeds provide an interesting and inexpensive way to start these types of palm trees.
Clean your date seeds. Many seed producers clean their palm seeds before packaging them, but if you collected your own or saved the seeds from fruits, remove the soft fruit debris and the outer husk. Cut through the soft fruits with a sharp knife to loosen the inner seeds. Fill a bucket with warm water. Massage the cut fruit from the seeds with your fingers. Lay the seeds on a paper towel to drain excess water.
Fill your seed pots to a level just below the rims with well-drained potting soil. Place two or three date seeds on top of the soil in each. Use the tip of a pencil and lightly press the date palm seeds into the center of each pot to a depth equal to the diameter of the seeds. Press down the surface of the soil with your fingertips, lightly covering all the seeds.
Spray the surface of the soil with a mist from a spray bottle. Thoroughly dampen your potting soil to create a moist environment for germination. Cover your seed pots with a piece of clear plastic wrap to retain even moisture. Keep the seed pots slightly moist during sprouting.
Place your planted seeds in a warm and sunny area, such as a window with a southern exposure. Avoid subjecting your new seeds to drafts and fluctuating temperatures. Expect your date seeds to begin sprouting after two or three months.
Transplant your date palm trees when they reach a few inches in height. Move each small plant to a larger pot with well-drained soil. Keep these plants in warm locations while they grow and mature. Expect to wait up to 13 years before fruiting occurs on trees planted from seeds. Not all date palms planted from seeds produce fruits, but even unfruitful specimens display interesting and attractive foliage.