Step-by-Step Lawn Care


Your lawn probably makes up the majority of your landscaping and surrounds your house. Its condition greatly affects the appearance of your home, and maintaining it properly can increase the value of your property.

Step 1

Supply enough water at one time to penetrate to the root depth of the grass grown in your lawn. This will vary, depending on the type of lawn grass grown, soil conditions and other factors, such as rainfall and location. Begin lawn watering in the spring of each season. Water your grass in the early morning hours so that less water will evaporate and more will penetrate to the soil. Use either an in-ground system or portable sprinklers to efficiently apply equal amounts of water throughout the yard. A good rule of thumb for lawn watering is to provide at least 1/2-inch and no more than 2 inches of water per week to your lawn during the growing season. Increase or decrease this amount depending on how much rain you get and how high the temperatures go. Watch for the grass to show signs it needs watering, such as wilting. Water your lawn if the grass does not spring back in place when you step on it.

Step 2

Cut the lawn using a mower with sharp blades. Do not cut more than 1/3 of the total height of your grass at one time. The general rule of thumb is to cut your grass to a height between 2.5 to 3 inches. Mow only dry grass and time the cutting schedule to the growth of the lawn. Do not remove the grass clippings after cutting the lawn because the clippings supply nutrients to the soil. Clippings do not affect the thatch buildup in your yard, as long as you cut your grass at the proper height.

Step 3

Fertilizer your lawn according to the type of grass grown and your exact soil conditions. Fertilize cool-season grasses in the beginning of fall and warm-season grasses from spring to the end of summer. Apply the recommended amount of fertilizer evenly to a dry lawn. Then thoroughly water the lawn to work the fertilizer into the soil and down to the roots.

Tips and Warnings

  • Deter weeds in your lawn by growing strong thick grass instead of applying chemicals to your yard. A healthy lawn will prevent weeds from emerging in the first place.

Things You'll Need

  • Mower
  • Fertilizer


  • Colorado State University: Lawn Care
  • Cornell University: Lawn Care
  • Earth Easy: Natural Lawn Care

Who Can Help

  • Yard Care: Reducing Lawn Maintenance
  • American Lawns: Basic Lawn Care
  • Plant Care: Lawn Care Tips
Keywords: grass care, grow a lawn, lawn watering

About this Author

Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published on Yahoo!, the Travel Channel and Intel.