Native Plants in Georgia

Although Georgia is graced with somewhat mild temperatures during the fall and winter, the humidity in the summer often takes its toll on plants that aren't accustomed to such stifling, humid weather. Fortunately, there are a variety of native plants that have adapted nicely to the climate and don't seem to mind Georgia's hot summers.

Baby's Breath

Baby's Breath (Gypsophila elegans) is an annual that grows 1 to 2 feet in height and often is used as a cut flower in floral arrangements. It has lance-shaped leaves and stems that are quite fragile, especially when Baby's Breath is cut and dried. Its tiny blooms grow in wispy clusters from mid-spring to early fall, but the plant's life span is rather short, living five to six weeks. When growing by seed it often is preferable to start them as young seedlings inside and continuously plant them outside through the blooming season, when a longer span of viewing is desired. Baby's Breath likes partial to full sun and moist soil.

Early Azalea

The Early Azalea (Rhododendron prinophyllum) is a perennial shrub that grows 6 to 12 feet in height and spread. It has smooth, green leaves that turn to a purplish color during the fall. In May through June, the Early Azalea produces pink to purplish-pink, six-petal flowers that bloom together in showy clusters. The Early Azalea is a shade-loving plant that often is found in wooded areas. It prefers moist soil and has a good tolerance for soil with higher pH levels.

Pink Evening Primrose

The Pink Evening Primrose (Oenothera speciosa) is a native wildflower that grows 8 to 24 inches high and has runners that can spread as far as 15 inches across. Unlike the showy yellow primrose, the Pink Evening Primrose produces a more delicate looking bloom that is 2 inches in diameter and is soft pink in color. Interestingly, it does not start out as pink but begins as a white flower that takes on a pink hue as it ages. The Pink Evening Primrose enjoys full sun and does well in poor soil, though it must be well-drained. It does quite well with Georgia's summer humidity, but take heed when planting the Pink Evening Primrose, since under the proper conditions it will become quite invasive.

Keywords: native Georgia plants, Georgia plants, Georgia gardening

About this Author

Kate Hornsby has been a professional pet sitter for a number of years and a small business owner for over twenty. She is the current Atlanta Pets Examiner and has written several articles on pet care and operating a small business. Hornsby attended the Academy of Art online, studying Interior Architecture and Design while pursuing commercial flight training at Aviation Atlanta in Georgia.