As the temperatures begin to drop and the fiery leaves of fall emerge, so do many fall-blooming flowers and plants. Grown in dozens of varieties, each with its own distinct growth habit, shape and color, fall flowers create a showy garden presence. Some fall blooms are frost-tolerant enough to flower through winter and into spring. Versatile, some fall flowers are evergreen, meaning they retain their color and foliage all year long, even in winter when most other flowers die back.
Hellebore (Helleborus) flowers are an evergreen perennial flowers with a clumping growth habit and moderate growth rate. Beginning in fall, the flowers emerge to light up the landscape to last through the cold, winter months and into spring. Frost-tolerant, hellebore blooms grow in a wide range of colors including, pink, green, white, purple and yellow. Long-lasting and showy for weeks, the hellebore blooms shape look as if they are nodding down. The leathery leaves on hellebore flowers are shiny and green throughout the winter.
Hellebores require part shade to full shade and well-drained, humus-rich soil that is neutral to alkaline. Hellebore flowers can be divided after blooming to grow in other areas of the garden like a flower border or bed. Cut back flowering stems on hellebores to promote new growth. The U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zone for planting is 4 to 9.
Japanese anemone (Anemone X hybrida) is a perennial flower with a rapid growth rate and fall blooming season. Growing 24 to 48 inches tall and wide, Japanese anemone is striking nestled inside a hanging basket or planted in a perennial flowerbed. The semi-double flowers on the Japanese anemone are pale pink with a bright yellow ring of stamens to contrast with the green, grape-like foliage. Japanese anemone flowers require light to partial shade and well-drained, moist soil that is nutrient-laden. They are hardy in zones 4 to 8.
Viola (Viola cornuta), also called Johnny-jump-ups, is a miniature annual flower that blooms in fall. The heart-shaped leaves and cheerful pansy "face" creates a showy garden presence. Grown in dozens of colors including, purple, yellow, white and blue, viola flowers are low-growing and reach 8 to 12 inches tall and 6 to 8 inches wide, ideal along a front flower bed or container. Viola flowers prefer full sun to part shade and well-drained, nutrient-rich soils. Deadhead viola flowers periodically to promote new growth. While violas are annuals, they self-sow if some are allowed to go to seed and will appear in the garden next year.